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Established in 1987, Goa is an Indian state whose capital is Panaji. Located in the southwestern coast of India, the state neighbours Maharashtra to the north, Karnataka to the south and east, and the Arabian Sea to the west.
The history of Goa can be traced back to the 3rd century BC. The region has archaeological evidence of the earliest traces of human life in India. The area was under various leaderships before the Portuguese colonised it in 1510. After a long struggle, before and after India's independence, Goa was made India's 25th state in 1987.
Administration and Politics
When it comes to matters governance, Goa is ruled by a governor who heads the Government of Goa. There's also a chief minister, a unicameral legislature, and a parliamentary constituency system.
Goa is home to Goa International Airport that handles both domestic and international flights. The state boasts a well-connected road transport network that links urban and rural areas. Goa also has two rail lines run by South Western Railway and Konkan Railway. Sea transport is also available courtesy of Mormugao Port Trust.
Goa is the smallest state by area but has the highest GDP per capita in India. It recorded an £8.30 billion GDP in 2017.
Tourism was and still is the primary income earner contributing 12% of the state's GDP. The state receives international and domestic tourists all year long who crave for the many attractions in Goa that range from historical sites and museums to natural attractions. The state's economy is also propelled by mining, agriculture, and manufacturing. Goa is also one of the few provinces that licenses land-based casinos. Its many gambling venues attract many visitors and are important contributors to the economy.